Mosquitoes are responsible for many diseases such as malaria, filariasis, dengue, yellow fever, encephalitis etc. The female mosquito requires blood for development of her eggs and hence only females bite humans, while the males live on plant nectar. The mosquitoes commonly found in and around human habitation.
Different species of mosquitoes prefer different types of standing water in which to lay their eggs. The presence of beneficial predators such as fish and dragonfly nymphs in permanent ponds, lakes and streams help keep these bodies of water relatively free of mosquito larvae. However, portions of marshes, swamps, clogged ditches and temporary pools and puddles are all prolific mosquito breeding sites.
Mosquito control can be achieved through a systematic inspection and treatment which can involve some or all of the following activities:-
Responsible for causing Malaria. Anopheles breeds in stagnant collections of clean water such as ponds, lakes, overhead tanks, underground tanks etc. This mosquito is active after dusk.
Responsible for causing filariasis, which causes fever and acute swelling of the lymph glands. Culex breeds in stagnant collections of polluted water such as drains, gutters, septic tanks etc. It is the common house mosquito and a major nuisance after dusk, biting heavily, leading to sleepless nights.
Responsible for causing Dengue which has assumed epidemic proportions in urban areas. Aedes breeds in man - made collections of clean water such as water coolers, pots, old tyres, can, empty bottles, flower vases etc. This mosquito is a day biter with a characteristic sharp pain.
Fogging and Spraying of mosquito Repellant.